A glaze is a transparent color which is applied over sealed or painted surfaces. Glazes can be used to add layers of color, to create depth, for shading, antiquing and any one of a variety of effects. Said effects being determined by the composition of the glaze and method of application.
I mix my own glazes using pretty much the same formula that I use to mix stains. The formula will vary as needed to achieve specific effects.
Method Of Application
I wipe the glaze on with a rag and then brush it out ’till I get the “look” that I want. As I’m brushing the glaze out I periodically remove the excess from my brush by brushing it back and forth on a rag.
There are many variables that can enter into this process. A “wet” glaze will brush out differently than a “dry” glaze.
A soft ox-hair brush will create a look different from a black bristle brush.
A heavy glaze will result in a “look” decidedly different from that of a light glaze.
A change in the ratio of linseed oil to solvents will effect the final look of the glazed finish. Or you can leave the linseed oil out of the formula altogether and achieve yet another “look”.
Or you can mix up a heavy glaze, forget about the brush, and wipe it on and wipe it off.
I could just go on and on about all the variables you could enter into the process. Suffice it to say that there are many.